Spots on Ceres are even more mysterious than previously thought

‘Alien’ spots on Ceres are even stranger than previously thought find researchers in a new study published in the Journal Nature Geosciences. 

According to astronomers, the mysterious ‘Alien’ spots on Ceres that have caused a worldwide Internet uproar ever since their discovery have gotten even more mysterious.

Dwarf Planet Ceres is one of the largest bodies in our star system’s main asteroid belt and it is by far one of the most mysterious.

In addition to the countless strange and anomalous features spotted on Ceres, the number one mystery more than 130 bright alien spots that cover the surface of the dwarf planet.

However, according to a new study, the enigmatic alien spots may be caused by materials seeping out from inside the planet

The extremely darker surface of Ceres is filled with hundreds of enigmatic bright spots with the most number of them being found at the Occator crater.

This enigmatic area on Ceres measures nearly one hundred kilometers across and is 4 kilometers deep. This region contains the biggest and brightest spots on Ceres which  the Daw spacecraft explored in 1015 for the first time ever.

The study published in the journal Nature Geosciences indicates that the salts on Ceres could not have been deposited on the surface on the dwarf planet in the same way as they are on Earth.

According to Professor Mikhail Zolotov from the School of Earth and Space Exploration Arizona State University, ‘the morphologies of impact craters are inconsistent with an ice-rich subsurface.’

Researchers have discovered that it is very likely that the surface of the dwarf planet is likely composed of only 30-40 percent ice. The remaining 60-70 percent is believed to be a combination of rocky material and a strong, low density material that could be made out of hydrated salts and clathrates.

In the study Professor Zolotov said: „the sodium carbonates in Occator crater form much like other carbonates in planetary materials, by aqueous processes“

This suggests that after the crater was formed by an asteroid impact, aqueous process transported the minerals up from underneath the surface of the planet.

Researchers believe that only 30 per cent of ice is enough to move the salts to the surface.

‘Only a few percent ice by volume would be sufficient to form aqueous solutions, and water could also be released through thermal hydration of mineral,’ Dr Zolotov said.

However, measurements last year indicated that the bright spots on Ceres were most likely to be composed of hydrated magnesium sulphates.

But, as things in science always change, new data provided by NASA’s Dawn spacecraft indicated that the enigmatic spots were not made of the expected magnesium sulphates.

In a additional paper published inj Nature, Dr. Maria Cristina De Sanctis and colleagues at the National Institute of Astrophysics in Rome investigated data gathered by the Visible and InfraRed Mapping Spectrometer on board the Dawn spacecraft when NASA’s probe was at a distance of around 14000 kilometers from Ceres

In the study authors wrote: ‘The typically dark surface of the dwarf planet Ceres is punctuated by areas of much higher albedo, most prominently in the Occator crater.’

‘These small bright areas have been tentatively interpreted as containing a large amount of hydrated magnesium sulfate.’

However, researchers discovered that the spots are most likely made of sodium carbonates and are mixed with a number of other minerals known as phyllosilicates, and ammonium carbonate or ammonium chloride.

interestingly, not everyone seems to be convinced about the scientific explanation offered by researchers. As many people argue, the bright spots on Ceres could be anything at this point. Previous studies have been interpreted as scientific guesses as to what the bright spots are. If researchers were wrong once when they suggested that the bright spots on Ceres contain a large amount of hydrated magnesium sulfate, they could be wrong again in the new study.

UFO hunters have not excluded the possibility that a sinister Alien presence is somewhere on Ceres.